Monday, 4 April 2011

Khajuraho, the exuberance of Indian spirit represents a paean to life, love, to joy-perfect in execution and sublime in expression.


 The Khajuraho temples are internationally famous for the erotic sculptures that adorn the walls. Life in every form and mood, has been captured in stone, testifying not only to the craftsman’s artistry but also to the extraordinary breadth of vision of the Chandela Rajputs under whose rule the temples were conceived and constructed. 

Western Group of Temples
Beautiful Sculptore at Kandariya Mahadeo Temple The most prominent structure at Khajuraho is the Kandariya Mahadeo temple, which is the largest soars 31 km high, dedicated to Lord Shiva, the sanctum enshrines a lingam
( a phallic symbol, a symbol of energy, fertility and potency).    
 The amorous couples are most sensuously depicted in the Chaunsath Yogini temple, the only granite temple and the earliest surviving shrine of the group (900 A.D), is dedicated to goddess Kali.
Facing eastwards to the rising sum , Chitragupta temple is dedicated to the Sun God Surya . The image of the deity in the inner sanctum is particularly imposing; five feet high and driving a horse drawn chariot.
A three headed image of Brahma is enshrined in Vishwanath Temple. The approach is equally impressive, with lions flaking the northern and elephants the southern steps that lead up to it.
The lintel over the entrance of beautiful Lakshman
Temple shows the trinity of Lords Brahma, Vishnu        
and Shiva, with Lakshmi, Vishnu’s consort.
The finely carved sanctum has a three-headed idol
of Vishnu’s incarnations, Narasimha and Varaha.

One of the oldest temple, Matengeswara temple, 
is dedicated to Lord Shiva and has an eight feet
 high lingam.

Eastern Group of Temples
The temples in this group can be subdivided into two one being a cluster of Jain temples and another scattered through the small village

Parsvanath Temple is the largest in this group. The temple was initially dedicated to Adinath but the statue was replaced by that of 
Parsavanath in 1860 A.D.

The Jain temple, Gantai temple, has a frieze, which depicts the 16 dreams of Mahavira’s  mother and a Jain goddess on a winged Garuda.

Dedicated to the Jain saint Adinath, Adinath Temple is lavishly embellished with sculpted figures, including Yakshis. The three Hindu temples of the group are the Brahma containing a four-faced linga; the Vamana, which is adorned on its outer walls with carvings of Apsaras in a variety of sensuous attitudes; and the Javari, with a richly carved gateway and exterior sculptors.

Southern Group

 This comprises only two temples. A track running  south from Jain enclosures reaches the first called Duladeo Temple. It is among the latest built temples at Khajuraho, more accurate, finer and equally graceful, with figures of Mithuna (sexual intercourse) and women in various poses. The other temple is Chaturbhuj Temple which has a three meter image of Vishnu.

 General Information     
How to Reach:

By Air: Regular services link Khajuraho with Delhi, Agra, and Varanasi.                                

By Rail: The nearest railheads are Harpalpur (94 Km) and Mahoba (61 Km). Jhansi (172 Km) is a convenient railhead for those traveling from Delhi and Chennai;
Satna (117 Km), on the Mumbai-Allahabad line of the Central Railway for those coming from Mumbai, Kolkata and Varanasi.                                                                                                 

By Road: Khajuraho is connected by regular buses with Satna, Harpalpur, Jhansi and Mahoba.

Best Season: July to March.  Nostalgia  

Shripad India Tours & TravelsB-110, Dindayal Complex,Near Ved Nagar, Nanakheda, Ujjain, India,T : 456010, 9406841345, 07344041397,,  
Mr Ronak Agrawal AsiaGuide Tours & Travels,  B-19, Upper Ground Floor, Stadium Complex, Jalgaon 425001 MS India, Tel: 91 257-2239636 Mobile :- 91- 9960222656
E :  ,  W :  B : 
Ms Sonia Malhotra,  Satguru Tours,  E-32, 1st Floor, Patparganj,  Mayur Vihar Delhi-110091  T:-  +91-11-43038646  M:- +91-9818316876/9718570707 E:-

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Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh Archaeological

SANCHI -  A symbol of great victory of peace over war. More than 20 centuries ago, young prince Ashoka had married a Vidisha merchant’s daughter when his royal carven on its way to an other town had camped here. Princes and merchant princes in those days had a great need to live in harmony. 

Eight years after Ashoka ascended the throne, he went to war with and conquered the state of Kalinga. It was a terrible war in which one hundred and fifty thousand persons

were carried away captive, one hundred thousand were slain and many times that the number perished. It was at this point of history that the peace began to win over mind and heart of the warriors. Walking across the bloodied field, Ashoka’s ears were assailed with the bellows of wounded horses, the moans of dying men and orphans searching hopelessly in the carnage. 
The miracle had happened then is inscribed in rock Edit X111  " Thus arose his sacred majesty’s remorse for having conquered the Kalingas. Of all the people who were then slain, done to death or carried away captive in Kalinga ,if the hundredth of the thousandth part were to suffer the same fate, it would now be a matter of regret to his Majesty"
Emperor Ashoka, in a historical dramatic change of heart, renounced war, turned his back on conquest and embraced that most gentle of religions: Buddhism. From digvijaya, a conqueror of territories, he became a dhamma-vijaya, a conqueror of men’s hearts. And in his quest to proclaim his new faith for the entire world to see, he returned to Vidisha, the town of his loved wife. There, on a wooded knoll, at a short riding distance from the metropolis, he established a spiritual center that was to last for 1300 years. Never before and never since, has peace scored such a great victory over war as in the triumph we know as Sanchi.

A toran or ceremonial gateway.The Grand Stupa built by shoka at Sanchi is focal point of a 91 –meter-high turf covered and tree-dotted hill and marks an important stage in the evolution of Indian architecture.
The great Stupa is 36.5 meters in diameter  and rises almost 16.5 meters high.A balustrade encircles the entire structure and provides  incarnations as Bodhisattva have provided the principal inspiration for the artistes.

The intricately carved gateways hold the greatest fascination for visitors. Gateways, the four ornamented (torans) built at the cardinal points in front of the entrances were erected around 3.5 B.C by the Satvahana ruler, Satkarni. Each torans consists of two upright pillars nearly 34 feet high. The two richly carved pillars, rise to be crowned by carved lions-the famous Ashoka Lions, now the official seal of India –elephants and dwarfs.
The eastern gateway depicts Buddha’s journey towards enlightenment. It shows the young prince Siddhartha Gautama , leaving his father’s Palace and setting off on his journey to enlightenment.
The western gateway depicts the seven incarnation of the Buddha.
The northern gateway, crowned by a wheel of law, illustrates the miracles associated with the Buddha as told in the Jatakas.
The southern gateway is the oldest and reveals the birth of Gautama in series of dramatically rich carvings. It also depicts the wheel of forth, the first sermon given by the Buddha at Sarnath.

Ashokan Pillar Just to the right of the southern gateway lie the remains of Ashokan pillar erected by Ashoka in the 3rd century, displaying all the characteristics of such monoliths – exquisite proportion, brilliant polish, succinct instructions. Centuries of exposure to weather has not diminished its metallc glow.
Excursions from Sanchi In the area around Sanchi there are a number of site, some of which are Buddhist .

Vidisha In the 5th-6th centuries BC Videsha was an important trade center of the Sunga dynasty where Ashoka was governor in the 3rd century BC. He married a local princess, establishing his contact with Sanchi. The ruins of Bijamandal Mosque and Gumbaz- Ka Makbara, both dating from the Muslim period with remains of votive pillars nearby. The museum at Vidisha contains some of Bbesnagar’s earliest antiquities.

Carvings in the Udayagiri Caves.
Udaygiri caves (13 km) Udaygiri caves were produced during the regime of Chandraguta II (382-401). The caves have all distinct features that gave Gupta art its unique vitality, vigour and richness of expression. The beautifully molded capitals, the design of the entrance gateway and the system of continuing the architrave as a string course around 
the structure. 

Besnagar 3 km after crossing the Betwa river. The Heliodorus Pillar, A monolithic free standing column, similar to Asokan pillars but much smaller in size has been dated to 140BC. The inscription states that it was a Garuda pillar erected in owner of Vasudeva by Heliodorus, a resident of Taxila (now in Pak) who had been sent as an envoy to the court of Bhagabhadra . This is a part of the evidence, which shows that relations existed between the Greeks in the Punjab and the kings of this area and that Heliodorus had become a follower of lord Vishnu.

Udaypur 60 km from Udaygari. The colossal Neelkantheswara temple is the center- piece , an outstanding example of 11th century Paramara architecture.Its beauty lies in its well proportionate and gracefully designed Shikhar (spire) and the delicate carving adorning its sites. Some regard the spire as being unequalled. Built of red stand stone and standing on a high platform the temple consists of garbha-griha (shrine room) . A sabha mandap (Hall) and three parvesh mandaps (entrance porches)

Gyaraspur (40 km North East of Sanchi) :-Important place of the medieval period, now lies in ruins, where one can see temples called Athkhambha (Eight Pillars) and Chaukhamba (four pillars) belonging to the 9th and 10th centuries A.D. The 10th century MAHADEV temple on the hill above the village, is the most striking of the remains with the ruins of stupa. The ruins of an 8-pillared temple,"Athakhambe" and a 4 pillared "Chaukhamba" date fro m 9th and 10th centuries.

Shripad India Tours & TravelsB-110, Dindayal Complex,Near Ved Nagar, Nanakheda, Ujjain, India,T : 456010, 9406841345, 07344041397,,  
Mr Ronak Agrawal AsiaGuide Tours & Travels,  B-19, Upper Ground Floor, Stadium Complex, Jalgaon 425001 MS India, Tel: 91 257-2239636 Mobile :- 91- 9960222656
E :  ,  W :  B : 
Ms Sonia Malhotra,  Satguru Tours,  E-32, 1st Floor, Patparganj,  Mayur Vihar Delhi-110091  T:-  +91-11-43038646  M:- +91-9818316876/9718570707 E:-

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